Axolotls, with their unique appearance and fascinating abilities, have become increasingly popular as pets. These captivating creatures are a type of aquatic salamander native to Mexico and are renowned for their


 regenerative capabilities and unusual neotenic features. However, to ensure the health and happiness of pet axolotls, it is crucial to understand their specific needs and provide them with appropriate care. In this article, we will delve into the correct keeping of pet axolotls and offer valuable insights for prospective and current owners alike.

  1. Setting up the Ideal Habitat:

Creating the perfect environment for your axolotl is the first step towards responsible pet ownership. Consider the following factors:

  1. Tank size: Axolotls require spacious tanks with ample room to swim. A general rule of thumb is to provide at least 10 gallons of water per axolotl, with an additional 5 gallons for each additional axolotl.
  2. Water temperature: Maintaining a suitable water temperature is crucial. Axolotls prefer cooler water between 60°F and 68°F (15°C to 20°C). Use a reliable aquarium heater or cooler, depending on the ambient temperature, to achieve and maintain the ideal range.
  3. Water quality: Axolotls are sensitive to poor water quality, so regular maintenance is essential. Invest in a high-quality filter to keep the water clean and perform routine water changes to prevent the accumulation of toxins.
  4. Substrate and hiding places: Choose a fine, sand-like substrate to prevent accidental ingestion by your axolotl. Provide hiding spots like rocks, caves, and plants to mimic their natural habitat.
  1. Nutrition and Feeding:

Proper nutrition is vital for the overall well-being of axolotls. They are carnivorous and primarily feed on live or frozen foods. Key considerations include:

  1. Diet: Feed your axolotl a variety of high-quality foods, such as bloodworms, brine shrimp, daphnia, and small feeder fish. Offer a balanced diet to ensure they receive essential nutrients.
  2. Feeding frequency: Young axolotls should be fed daily, while adults can be fed every other day. Observe your axolotl’s behavior and adjust the feeding frequency accordingly.
  3. Avoid overfeeding: Axolotls have a slow metabolism and can become overweight if overfed. Only provide them with what they can consume within 5 to 10 minutes.
  1. Maintenance and Health Care:

Maintaining the well-being of your axolotl involves regular care and monitoring. Follow these guidelines:

  1. Water changes: Perform partial water changes of around 20% every week to maintain optimal water quality and reduce the accumulation of toxins.
  2. Handling with care: Axolotls have delicate skin that can be easily damaged. Always wet your hands before handling them and avoid excessive handling to minimize stress.
  3. Monitoring signs of illness: Keep a close eye on your axolotl’s behavior, appetite, and physical appearance. Common signs of illness include loss of appetite, lethargy, abnormal swimming, and skin discoloration. Consult a veterinarian experienced in exotic animals if you notice any concerning symptoms.
  4. Tank mates: While axolotls are generally solitary animals, they can coexist with compatible tank mates such as small, non-aggressive fish. However, ensure the tank size is appropriate and monitor the interactions closely.


Caring for a pet axolotl requires attention to detail and a commitment to providing a suitable habitat and proper nutrition. By following the guidelines outlined in this article, you can create a thriving environment for your axolotl companion. Remember, the key to their well-being lies in maintaining optimal water conditions, providing a balanced diet, and monitoring their health. The unique beauty and captivating nature of axolotls make them truly remarkable pets, and with the right care, they can bring joy and fascination to your life for years to come.